Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2018 Jun 30; 10(2):27-33 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).002.05

Knowledge of hydatidosis in users of community pharmacies

Guardia Sáez F1, Moreno Maqueda AI2
1. Farmacéutico comunitario en Rielves (Toledo). 2. Farmacéutica comunitaria en Almendral de la Cañada (Toledo).
Guardia F, Moreno AI. Conocimientos sobre hidatidosis en usuarios de farmacia comunitaria. Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2018 Jun 30; 10(2):27-33 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).002.05
Abstract : 

Introduction: Hydatidosis is a serious zoonosis, which can be prevented with simple preventive methods and health education programs in which the community pharmacy plays a key role in carrying out health campaigns to prevent this disease.

Objectives: To know the degree of knowledge of the population regarding the prophylactic and control measures of hydatidosis, and the capacity of the pharmacy as a sanitary agent for the prevention of this zoonosis, in collaboration with other health agents.

Materials and methods: An observational study with pharmacy users is conducted. The study enrolled people who were in contact with dogs. They were asked to complete a questionnaire on their characteristics and level of knowledge of hydatidosis.

Results: 99 questionnaires were used, 76 (76.8%) interviewees owned 162 dogs; 46 (60.5%) dog owners had them as pets. 66 (86.8%) treated their dogs with antiparasitic drugs, most of them, 32 (48.5%), every three months. 30 (45.5%) did not know the product used and 6 (9.1%) used mebendazol, not recommended as an antiparasitic drug.

51 (51.5%) had not heard of hydatidosis, 69 (69.7%) did not know that it affects humans and 88 (88.9%) did not know how to prevent it.

Conclusions: Although the level of antiparasitic dog treatment is acceptable, there is a high lack of knowledge of the disease, its methods of transmission and its consequences among the interviewees, which leads us to propose a health education plan based on the paper of the community pharmacist as first level health worker.

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