Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2018 Sep 28; 10(3):5-14 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).003.02

Intervention of community pharmacist in the vaccination of adults with respiratory disease

Aparicio Cercós C1, 2, Climent Catalá MT1, 3, Baixauli Fernández VJ1, 3, Rodrigo Soriano MJ1, 2, Albanell Monzó F1, 2, Recio Iglesias MC3, 4
1. Farmacéutico/a comunitario/a. 2. Licenciado/a en Farmacia. 3. Doctor/a en Farmacia. 4. Coordinadora Universidad de Valencia.
Aparicio C, Climent MT, Baixauli VJ, Rodrigo MJ, Albanell F, Recio MC. Intervención del farmacéutico comunitario en la vacunación de adultos con patología respiratoria. Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2018 Sep 28; 10(3):5-14 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).003.02
Abstract : 

Introduction: Vaccine coverage of influenza and pneumonia is low in Comunidad Valenciana. The community pharmacy is a primary health care resource. It can help to identify unvaccinated patients at risk for vaccination, investigate the causes and intervene to get them vaccinated.

Methodology: Multicenter cross-sectional study with intervention carried out in 11 community pharmacies in Comunidad Valenciana in patients with respiratory pathology in which influenza and/or pneumococcal vaccination were indicated.

Results: There were 392 patients participating. 53% and 12% were vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia, respectively. Three patients were vaccinated for pneumonia only. Men were vaccinated more than women in both pathologies and significant differences were found. Patients with high levels of education were vaccinated less, although it is not significant.

One in four patients who were recommended for influenza vaccination said be vaccinated, increasing vaccination rate until 65%. 7% said to be vaccinated of pneumococcal vaccine, increasing the rate until 18%.

Discussion: The vaccination coverage in Comunidad Valenciana does not reach the objectives proposed by the WHO. Some patients hesitate to be vaccinating. It is necessary to check the impact and the messages of vaccination campaigns. The community pharmacists can improve this situation. 

Conclusions: The community pharmacy’s intervention increases the number of at-risk patients willing to be vaccinated against influenza and pneumonia, for these reasons, health system should therefore be actively involved.

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